anhydrous ammonia. Liquid ammonia is a clear fluid that evaporates quickly at room temperature. REQUIREMENTS. drop requirements for ammonia refrigeration in favor of a mandatory reference to ANSI/IIAR 2. There is no lower limit. N/A 1. Emergency alarm system Emergency power can come from one of three sources: 75 . A refrigerating system that uses ammonia in a "Machinery Room", the room is Sizing Exhaust System for Refrigerating Machinery Rooms July 20, 2005 Page 2 Page 2 • The refrigerant concentration rises until the refrigerant detector setpoint is reached. CSA Standard B52-Mechanical Refrigeration Code includes installation requirements for refrigerating systems that use ammonia. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Detectors should be positioned to monitor ammonia concentration levels in the airflow and located approximately ⅔ up the wall, directly in the extract airflow. 1 000ppm in machinery rooms (high-level alarm), up to a maximum of 10 000ppm. Major differences can be found between codes when determining ventilation requirements for ammonia machinery rooms. Major differences can be found between codes when determining ventilation requirements for ammonia machinery rooms. An explosion proof gas detector will be required. What are the ventilation requirements in an ammonia plant room? For other than ammonia systems, the mechanical ventilation systems shall be capable of exhausting the minimum quantity of air both at normal operating and emergency conditions, as required by … Guidelines for Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation. An emergency stop button controlling the refrigeration plant main electrical control system/isolator must be situated outside of the refrigeration plant room. Taking note of the key items that inspectors will be watchful for during permitting (ammonia detection, machinery room ventilation, etc.) A major ammonia spill is potentially disastrous, because liquid This class is well suited for an individual looking at the most relevant best practices for design and safety of the ammonia refrigeration system and the engine room … ISO 8861, Shipbuilding – Engine room ventilation in diesel-engined ships – Design requirements and basis of calculations ISO 8862, Air-conditioning and ventilation of machinery control rooms on board ships – Design con-ditions and basis of calculations A retesting stamp shall be applied by the governing body when the modification is completed, if required. A “cut-off room” (having one or more exterior walls with doors leading directly outside) is acceptable. Industrial Refrigeration Consortium, 1513 University Avenue Suite 3184, Madison, WI 53706-1607 This bulletin is a must for machinery room supervisors and operators. location outside of the machinery room in a safe area where ammonia – air mixtures are very unlikely to be present. Mechanical Rooms. Michael Murray has been a trusted engine room ventilation specialist for the past 18 years. This custom PPM panel can be directly connected to the machine room exhaust ventilation panel, giving the operator even more insight and control. Dating back to at least the 1967 Uniform Mechanical Code, refrigeration machinery rooms have been required to be configured with adequate ventilation in the event of a refrigerant release.While we have written previously about the current ventilation design, control, and testing requirements in … Ammonia gas-level alarm systems shall be fitted that can be activated manually, or by operation of an emergency stop button, or by an automatic ammonia detection system. Posted on: January, 2020. Best Practices – Ammonia Machinery Rooms November 29, 2018 November 29, 2018 Jeremy Williams News GCAP is excited to make available in 2019 a new class based on Machinery/Engine Room Design . The UMC change rec-ognizes that ANSI/IIAR 2 now includes content necessary to serve as both a code and a standard. Lighting requirement: The machine room with ammonia refrigerant operated equipment shall be equipped with light fixtures delivering a minimum of 320 lux at the working level, which is 0.91m above floor or a platform. When ammonia is used, the requirements of Class 1, Division 2, of the National Electrical Code shall not apply providing the requirements of 8.12 h, are met. Summarizes generally accepted industry practice for ammonia machinery rooms, and references relevant codes and standards where instructive. 1106.5 Remote controls. Hofmann adds: “In addition, ammonia systems may only be operated by specially trained personnel. n Guidelines for: Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation. ammonia ventilation. At the high alarm level, the refrigeration system should be stopped automatically by interrupting the electrical power circuit. Above the door where you enter the plant room, of course. 34 (Appendix A) Removes requirement for manual discharge of When it comes to ammonia refrigeration machine rooms, ventilation updates can often be overlooked.. Current and new mechanical codes — International Mechanical Code (IMC) and Uniform Mechanical Code (UMC) — defer to IIAR 2 (and sometimes ASHRAE 15) as the referenced code for ammonia refrigeration systems, including the machine room ventilation. The safe area may be an electrical switch room separated from the machinery room by a sealed gas tight wall. Machinery room ventilation systems have long been required by model codes and standards. An ammonia detector required in accordance with SANS 10147 section 6.7 shall function at concentrations not exceeding the upper limit. They must not be situated in dead air pockets. Machinery Room Emergency ventilation amount is greaterthan 100 times the square-root of the charge of refrigerant in pounds (ASHRAE-15, 8.11.5) Continuous ventilation amount is at least0.5 cfm/ft2 or 20 cfm/person (ASHRAE-15, 8.11.5 and IIAR-111, 3.2.3) 4 IIAR BULLETIN 109 97-08-011.2 IIAR 109new.40 3/14/00 8:26 AM Page 4. Ammonia detector 4. All emergency exits shall lead directly outside or to an emergency exit passageway away from the plant room. ammonia ventilation ammonia ventilation me2016 (Industrial) (OP) 2 Jul 16 11:50. 1.5.3According to IIAR-2 [2014], the minimum required emergency ventilation rate for Ammonia must be 30 air changes per hour based on the gross machinery room volume. Another classic example is a plant room with an extraction fan but no fresh air make-up louvres. Safe management of ammonia refrigeration systems January 2016 Page 2 of 49 FOREWORD This guidance has been developed by industry, following the withdrawal of HSE's publication PM81, to give … Best Practices – Ammonia Machinery Rooms November 29, 2018 November 29, 2018 Jeremy Williams News GCAP is excited to make available in 2019 a new class based on Machinery/Engine Room Design . Dear Sir we have ice cream production room with dimensions 40m*40m*5m and sometimes we face ammonia leakage so please how we make ventilation in short time. Any refrigerant relief vent pipe or extraction system shall terminate at a minimum distance of 6m from the nearest window of an occupied building and at minimum height of 4.5m above ground level. Secondary containment requirements dictate special floor design and treatment in ... Machinery room ventilation fan 2. Ammonia/air mixtures can be explosive, but only at the unusually high concentration of 16–28% by volume and if ignited by a temperature source around 651°C. N/A 5. These differences result in The exhaust systems shall have the capacity to provide emergency purge of escaping refrigerant at a rate of 30 air changes per hour (ACH) for ammonia, or for other refrigerants as determined in accordance with Equation 1107.2: 1106.5 Remote controls. The doors of this emergency exit shall be such that they can be opened manually from inside the machinery room (anti-panic system push bar). INTRODUCTION. At 25 ppm, alarm to a monitored location, close liquid feed and hot gas solenoid valves, activate audio/visual devices inside the area, activate emergency exhaust and de-energize all pumps, motors and non-emergency fans. This bulletin cuts through the jargon and provides a practical ventilation design criteria that will satisfy existing code requirements and improve machinery room safety. Section 1105 — Machinery room, general requirements. The free-aperture cross section for the ventilation of the machinery room shall be not less than: F = √G (Equation 11-1) For SI: F = 0.138 √G where: F = The free opening area in square feet (m 2). Ammonia detectors serve to warn against the possible danger of an ammonia leak and to isolate power to the electrical circuits to prevent a possible explosion or ignition. OBJECTIVE. See the Table of Contents. Location of ammonia refrigeration machinery is a detached building. So where do people often install them? Be simple enough to use in a building code for determining refrigerating machinery room exhaust requirements Method A refrigerant leak, followed by a purge cycle can be described as follows: • A refrigerant leak occurs. Safe management of ammonia refrigeration systems Guidance for the food and drinks industries and other workplaces Photograph: shows a modern ammonia refrigeration plant room - courtesy of Nestlé UK. Exception: Ammonia machinery rooms that are provided with ventilation in accordance with Section 1106.3. Section 8.11.5 of ASHRAE Standard 15 (ASHRAE 2010) states: "The mechanical ventilation required to exhaust an accumulation of refrigerant due to leaks of a rupture of the system will be capable or removing air from the machinery room in not less than the following quantity: Q = 100 [square root of G] (Q = 70 [square root of G]) where Q = the airflow in cubic feet per minute (liters per second) and G = the mass of refrigerant in pounds (kilograms) in the largest … ammonia ventilation ammonia ventilation me2016 (Industrial) (OP) 2 Jul 16 11:50. R717 (ammonia) A3 R600a ... Clarifies requirements for machinery room ventilation (8.11.4) Explicitly states design pressure requirements are expressed as gauge pressure (Section 3) Adds locking cap requirement to harmonize with IMC (11.3) Removes methods for determining RCL and defers to Std. Work equipment and machinery; Ventilation and air conditioning during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic; Back to . All mechanical rooms must be mechanically ventilated to maintain room space conditions as indicated in ASHRAE 62, ASHRAE 15 , and Table 5-1 of this chapter. I am of the firm conviction that the detection equipment controls should be in the same enclosure outside of the plant room. Mechanical ventilation, in accordance with SANS 10147 6:11.2, should be installed. 2019 Refrigeration Machinery Room Equipment Reminder List CHK. Suitable detectors are required by SANS 10147 6:11.3. GCAP’s Machinery/Engine Room Design Class is focused on the safe design of closed looped ammonia refrigeration systems. Even the power used is intriguing: ASHRAE uses the square root of the weight, while ISO uses the square of the cube root. IIAR Bulletin No.11-1990. Area Classification of Ammonia Machinery Rooms Ammonia is listed in Rule 18-050 as a Group IIA (Group D) hazardous gas. Vents to the atmosphere must not be blocked and should be placed so as not to be potentially dangerous. Lighting requirement: The machine room with ammonia refrigerant operated equipment shall be equipped with light fixtures delivering a minimum of 320 lux at the working level, which is 0.91m above floor or a platform. ventilation for refrigeration machinery rooms for ammonia systems Sec.6 [4.1.4] Areas on open deck within a distance of 1 m from inlet ventilation openings and within a distance of 3 m from outlet ventilation openings of refrigeration machinery rooms with R717 (ammonia) shall be classified as hazardous zone 2. The standard now addresses refrigeration equipment located in areas other than machinery rooms, including outside ammonia system installations, and complete packaged systems. Construction should be non-combustible (nor should combustible materials be stored in this room). IIAR Ammonia Refrigeration Library, (1991, October). Refrigeration machinery rooms shall be provided with dedicated mechanical exhaust systems. The ratio of liquid to gas is 1 to 800, which means that 1 litre of liquid ammonia expands to form 800 litres of gas. CMC 1110.1 (1)Thesuctioninletofacompressor,compressorunit,or CMC 1110.1 There must be sufficient fresh air make-up for replacing vented air. Beta This is a new way of showing guidance - your feedback will help us improve it. ix) machinery rooms including ventilation systems where ammonia refrigeration systems and components are installed x) pressure relief devices xi) pressure vessels xii) ammonia refrigerant xiii) sensors, actuators, controls and other equipment used to operate the refrigeration system safely xiv)secondary refrigerants 4 Definitions This class is well suited for an individual looking at the most relevant best practices for design and safety of the ammonia refrigeration system and the engine room … Mine cooling plants have different limits. These topics were not addressed in previous editions, requiring affected facilities to look elsewhere for design standards and/or develop their own RAGAGEPs. It so happens that this means that if the weight of refrigerant in the system is 34,375 lb (15,625 kg) then the emergency ventilation rate required will be 18 540 cfm (8750 L/s) … Dear Sir ... (TLV) published by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) if persons entering the ammonia storage and equipment room to perform tasks. ix) machinery rooms including ventilation systems where ammonia refrigeration systems and components are installed x) pressure relief devices xi) pressure vessels xii) ammonia refrigerant xiii) sensors, actuators, controls and other equipment used to operate the refrigeration system safely xiv)secondary refrigerants 4 Definitions between the Machinery Room Design, System Design, and Testing and Charging sections. The minimum required ventilation rate for ammonia shall be 30 air changes per hour in accordance with IIAR2. To ensure safety by checking and preventing the accumulation of refrigerant in the machinery room due to a leak to a concentration that would be flammable, harmful or result to oxygen deprivation. Mechanical ventilation, in accordance with SANS 10147 6:11.2, should be installed. Extraction system inlets must be close to the machinery, have suitable guards, and must not be obstructed. Location of ammonia refrigeration machinery is a detached building. Copyright © 2021 DualTemp Clauger. The owner is responsible for ensuring this rule is observed.” The owner has to deal with a range of requirements, as the majority of NH3 refrigeration systems need to be supervised. Guidelines for Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation. 4.8 Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation System .....6 4.9 Pressure-Relief Devices .....6 4.10 General Ammonia Refrigeration ... formed in accordance with the requirements of the governing body. Design and installation2. In order to optimize the ventilation effect of ammonia leakage in the refrigeration machinery room, a food processing enterprise is selected as the subject investigated. Water lines shall not be located above motor control centers or disconnect switches and shall comply with requirements of NEC Chapter 1. It will display the ammonia concentration level is parts-per-million, a remote emergency ventilation control switch and an emergency stop break glass switch. Guidelines for Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation. Based on the ANSI/IIAR-2 2014, the requirements for the machinery room is broken down into three categories:1. Machinery room ventilation systems have long been required by model codes and standards. This is not specifically mentioned in SANS, but I expect it to be included in the next edition, due in 2019. (1991, October). A list of the federal laws and regulations related to process safety, accident prevention, emergency planning, and … Machine rooms, set-up locations and safety equipment must meet specific safety criteria. Forum: Search: FAQs: Links: MVPs: Menu . Where refrigerants of Groups A2, A3, B2 and B3 are used, the machinery room shall conform to the Class 1, Division 2, hazardous location classification requirements of NFPA 70. Below are the recommend limits: Other detection limits can be specified, but the above is the maximum limit as per SANS 10147. Testing, DualTemp Clauger – Chicago9550 W. 55th Street, Unit A McCook, IL 60525Tel : 773 254 9800sales@dualtempcompanies.com, DualTemp Clauger – Wisconsin3695-J North 126 StreetBROOKFIELD, WI 53005 Tel : 262 783 5757sales@dualtempwisconsin.com, ATTENTION: regarding Coronavirus; DualTemp Clauger will not compromise its reputation of providing first-class service during these challenging times. Extraction system inlets must be close to the machinery, have suitable guards, and must not be obstructed. Ammonia Machine Room. If a machinery room does not comply with the Class T machinery room standards (see Clause 6.2 and 6.3), when ammonia is used and all refrigerant-containing parts, except piping and evaporators, are installed in that machinery room, that room will be considered a Class 1, Zone 2 hazardous location. • IIAR Bulletin No. A retesting stamp shall be applied by the governing body when the modification is completed, if required. 4.8 Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation System .....6 4.9 Pressure-Relief Devices .....6 4.10 General Ammonia Refrigeration ... formed in accordance with the requirements of the governing body. Ventilation air scrubber system 3. G = The mass of refrigerant in pounds (kg) in the largest system, any part of which is located in the machinery room. Liquid ammonia also has a high compression ratio. Note: … 1105.6.1 Discharge Location. Per Standard 15, the detector setpoint must be the TLV-TWA concentration for the So, let us continue with ventilation and ammonia detection equipment and see if we can enlighten you some more. Major differences can be found between codes when determining ventilation requirements for ammonia machinery rooms. Our commitment to our clients is the same as in the past – provide first class marine products at a fair price, with the best service and technical support in the marine industry. Please read our official statement. Exception: Ammonia machinery rooms that are provided with ventilation in accordance with Section 1106.3. This bulletin cuts through the jargon and provides a practical ventilation design criteria that will satisfy existing code requirements and improve This bulletin cuts through the jargon and provides a practical ventilation design criteria that will satisfy existing code requirements and improve machinery room safety. (1991, October). Ventilation & Emergency ventilation: Multiple fans or multispeed fans are allowed for temperature control and emergency ventilation of the machinery room. The static or forced ventilation requirements must comply with AS/NZS1677.2:1998. Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation Requirements. Vents to the atmosphere must not be blocked and should be placed so as not to be potentially dangerous. Dating back to at least the 1967 Uniform Mechanical Code, refrigeration machinery rooms have been required to be configured with adequate ventilation in the event of a refrigerant release.While we have written previously about the current ventilation design, control, and testing requirements in … CFC 605.10 CHK. An ammonia detector required in accordance with SANS 10147 section 6.7 shall function at concentrations not exceeding the upper limit. Warning – When alarms are activated ammonia has been detected (sticker referencing the lights and sirens suggested outside of door of machinery room) Signage for the E-Stop of the machinery room and applicable conditions that warrant its uses and whom can active and emergency shutdown. After a time delay, the detector turns on refrigeration room emergency exhaust ventilation. understanding ammonia systems. This means “it is merely informative and does not contain requirements necessary for the conformance of the standard”. Ammonia Machine Room. Multiple fans or multispeed fans shall be allowed to produce the emergency ventilation rate and to obtain a reduced airflow for normal ventilation. 1105.6.3 Ventilation rate. Ammonia Machinery Room - MR_01 MACHINERY ROOM Review of current 'worst' case scenarios during normal operating conditions Secondary2.50 Hï ñ 13 Mech 4ACH Zone 2 ERV ER 0.410 58% EN378 states that minimum ventilation rate when room is occupied must be not less than 4 air changes per hour. thread403-410995. Ammonia refrigeration plant rooms must have a main access door and an emergency escape door. At the low alarm level, an alarm shall sound and mechanical ventilation shall be activated. 34 (Appendix A) Removes requirement for manual discharge of ammonia “fireman’s … One of the things that never fails to amaze me is the location of a plant’s extraction fan, considering that its function is to remove any ammonia released in the plant room. Except if analysis indicates that a release of the entire system charge will not result in the room concentration exceeding 40,000 ppm … 111 Guidelines for: Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation • IIAR Bulletin No. Where, I ask myself, is the air that is supposed to be extracted coming from? Ventilation & Emergency ventilation: Multiple fans or multispeed fans are allowed for temperature control and emergency ventilation of the machinery room. Click below to read the November 2017 issue of RACA Journal, Interact Media Defined (IMD), is one of South Africa’s leading multi-media magazine publishers READ MORE, Cookie policyPrivacy & Cookie policyPrivacy policy, African Mining onlineCold Link online MTE online Plant online Plumbing onlineSA Affordable Housing online Timber iQ, JHB T : +27 (0) 11 579 4940CPT T : 0861 727 663E : admin@interactmedia.co.za, 13A Riley Road, Bedfordview,South Africa 2007, Interact Media Defined (IMD), is one of South Africa’s leading multi-media magazine publishers, 500ppm in machinery rooms (low-level alarm). Emergency procedures as stipulated in SANS 10147 6.11.3 shall apply. Ventilation and air conditioning during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. All Rights Reserved. 1105.6.3.1 Quantity—Normal Ventilation (1991, October). IIAR and Model Codes •NFPA 70-2017 §505.5 Refrigerant machinery rooms that contain ammonia refrigeration systems and are equipped with adequate mechanical ventilation that operates continuously or is initiated by a detection system at a concentration not exceeding 150 ppm shall be permitted to be classified as “unclassified” locations. • New compressor equipment identification requirement: minimum rotation speed for proper lubrication. Construction should be non-combustible (nor should combustible materials be stored in this room). The recommendations in this guideline are most applicable to completely new ammonia machinery rooms. 1. Below are the recommend limits: 500ppm in machinery rooms (low-level alarm) 1 000ppm in machinery rooms (high-level alarm), up to a maximum of 10 000ppm. Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation Analysis Spr Building Parameters Feet Inches Room Width 45 0 Room Length 47 6 Room Height 25 0 Room Area Room Volume Continuous Flow Requirements (ASHRAE 15, IIAR, & Factory Mut CFM/SF 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 Required CFM 1,069 2,138 3,206 4,275 uivalent Air Changes 1.2 /Hr 2.4 /Hr 3.6 /Hr 4.8 /Hr Heat Removal Requirements (ASHRAE 15) Total Motor Loads … IIAR - Bulletin 111 - Guidelines for: Ammonia Machinery Room Ventilation Major differences can be found between codes when determining ventilation requirements for ammonia machinery rooms. How you should respond when an incidents is reported. When natural ventilation is inadequate, due to poor distribution of possible ammonia leaks, a sufficient proportion of the mechanical ventilation shall be in continuous operation to ensure the health and safety of occupants. ICS recommends this panel to be located at the main entry to the machine room. Just because your ammonia … Machinery rooms larger than 1,000 square feet (93 m 2) with refrigeration units or systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 refrigerant or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant, as classified in Section 1103.1 of the New York City Mechanical Code, shall have not less than two exits or exit access doors. IIAR Ammonia Refrigeration Library, (1998, June). With other heavier-than-air refrigerants, the position will be nearer the floor. Refrigeration Machinery Room – Authorized Personnel Only; Caution – Ammonia R-717; Caution – Eye and Ear protection must be worn in this area. is important.” Likewise, in some jurisdictions, there is a requirement for ammonia plants to have trained and certified operators on duty around the clock, regardless of the production schedule. Silly me, why should it be anywhere else? Machinery rooms larger than 1,000 square feet (93 m 2) with refrigeration units or systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A1 refrigerant or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant, as classified in Section 1103.1 of the New York City Mechanical Code, shall have not less than two exits or exit access doors. GCAP’s Machinery/Engine Room Design Class is focused on the safe design of closed looped ammonia refrigeration systems. The changes made by this addendum delete requirements and exceptions that are unique to ammonia and R-717 and refer users to ANSI/IIAR 2 for ammonia refrigeration systems. CFC 605.16 6. warehouse rooms where this results in more than 3 sensors in a room, distances can reasonably be relaxed to 50 horizontal feet from a potential leak source, with a minimum of 3 sensors. Generator Set. Where refrigerants of Groups A2, A3, B2 and B3 are used, the machinery room shall conform to the Class 1, Division 2, hazardous location classification requirements of NFPA 70. Changes per hour in accordance with SANS 10147 6:11.2, should be placed so as not be... Rooms ( high-level alarm ), up to a maximum of 10 000ppm stamp shall be provided with mechanical... Of course does not contain requirements necessary for the conformance of the standard ” Guidelines for: machinery. In the same enclosure outside of the machinery room is broken down into categories:1. And improve machinery room by a normal ( non-emergency ) switch plant room you some.! Improve machinery room ventilation systems have long been required by model codes and standards where instructive modification is completed if... Will display the ammonia concentration level is parts-per-million, a remote emergency ventilation of the firm conviction that the equipment! 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Of showing guidance - your feedback will help us improve it, including outside ammonia installations! At room temperature be applied by the governing body when the modification is completed, if required accordance SANS... Left unchanged bulletin no outside or to an emergency escape door requirements of NEC Chapter 1 18-050! High-Level alarm ), up to a maximum of 10 000ppm detection equipment controls should be non-combustible ( nor combustible... An incidents is reported safe design of closed looped ammonia refrigeration machinery is clear. Separated from the plant room, of course for normal ventilation are with..., Madison, WI 53706-1607 ammonia machine room as not to be potentially dangerous the plant. 6.7 shall function at concentrations not exceeding the upper limit shall not be blocked and should be non-combustible nor. 2 now includes content necessary to serve as both a code and a.. 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Proper lubrication through the jargon and provides a practical ventilation design criteria will... Room temperature the above is the air that is supposed to be extracted coming from informative and does not requirements! They must not be blocked and should be by a sealed gas tight wall required... The UMC change rec-ognizes that ANSI/IIAR 2 now includes content necessary to serve as a! Emergency power can come from one of three sources: 75 ( nor should combustible materials be stored this! For ammonia machinery rooms it is merely informative and does not contain requirements necessary for the conformance the! Conditioning during the coronavirus ( COVID-19 ) pandemic into three categories:1 laws for anhydrous ammonia plant. Forum: Search: FAQs: Links: MVPs: Menu per SANS 6.11.3. Another classic example is a clear fluid that evaporates quickly at room temperature not to be at! 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ammonia machinery room ventilation requirements 2021