Luke did not write to the Jews; Luke wrote for Gentiles and to Gentiles. ), Categories: Book Reviews•Tags: David Allan, Lukan Authorship of Hebrews•. Hebrews infographic. Clement of Alexandria suggests that Paul wrote the book originally in Hebrew and that Luke translated it into Greek, though the Greek of Hebrews bears no resemblance to translation Greek (e.g., that of the Septuagint). I doubt Allen had housewife theologians in mind when he wrote this almost 400 page, scholarly hardback. We do not know who wrote the book of Hebrews, though it appears that it was probably Paul. Whoever wrote Hebrews must have been well known to those early Christians. I have a whole new appreciation for Luke—doctor, historian, and linguistic master. As evidence of Priscilla’s skill, Luke did not hesitate to record her capabilities as a teacher of the great orator Apollos. What I only hinted at then is my cockamamie housewife theologian theory. If I were asked my personal opinion, I w… 2. It’s easier to read a scholarly work when the passion of the author is apparent. Neither the Gospel of Luke nor The Book of Acts indicates when they were written. ( Log Out /  In the 13th chapter of Hebrews, Timothy is referred to as a companion. And although we will probably not know the identity of this writer with 100% surety in this life, I have just learned a wealth of information from Allen in the process of discovery. - Hebrews 4:11–13 Throughout most of church history, there has been some question as to the identity of the writer of Hebrews. Paul's letters are decent Greek, but if you compare Paul's Greek with the text of Hebrews you see a real difference. ... Paul did write more books, but the two books Luke wrote (the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts) are longer than all those books combined. The debate has been going on for a long time. Not only did Irenaeus teach that Matthew’s Gospel was first written in the Hebrew dialect, he also provided the order in which all four of the Gospels were written. But, without sacrificing the academic integrity of his work, Allen has written accessibly enough for an interested lay person such as myself. The letter itself does not indicate who the writer was. 2. In interacting with the opposition, he doesn’t discredit the people, he takes their work seriously and even concedes to other possibilities. Based on the writing, I began to wonder if it was Luke, as the Greek of Luke-Acts and Hebrews are so perfect. . WHO WROTE THE BOOK OF HEBREWS? For example, Paul always writes of Jesus' sacrifice being on Earth. Internal evidence on authorship (is Hebrews an epistle or treatise?) Both Luke and the writer of Hebrews reveal a masterful use of the Septuagint. THE AUTHORSHIP OF HEBREWS or DID PAUL WRITE HEBREWS? Log in, Written by Aimee Byrd | And yet, Allen doesn’t let this passion take the front seat. Note that the order is in harmony with how the Gospels are arranged in the Canon and not in line with modern liberal theories. The most reasonable explanation, recognized early in Church history, is Paul wrote Hebrews. It also stimulates the reader to use Allen’s research to think for themselves. He “plays the ball” of the argument, and gives both opposing and supporting scholarly arguments their playing time. If Paul didn’t write the letter, who did? The letter was composed sometime during the latter half of the 1st century and is … Friday, March 29, 2013, The Surprising Transformation of the Disciples of Jesus. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. In short, Hebrews 2:3 talks about the author and his audience’s initial evangelization. When the internal evidence is examined, it overcomes easily issues of style. The book presents Christ as the final High Priest and eloquently explains the Old Testament sacrificial system in light of the atonement of Christ. Author, speaker, thinker, old school blogger. It is possible Paul wrote the book of Hebrews. You see, after teaching Hebrews for the last year (or so), I couldn’t shake the suspicion that we were getting something very similar to the “explanation” Jesus gave to the two disciples on the way to Emmaus. It is possible Luke worked with Paul and penned it but that is the only thing in doubt. So with all that preliminary stuff out of the way… WHO WROTE THE BOOK OF HEBREWS? by Shawn Brasseaux Various church fathers and theologians down through the ages have speculated as to the writer of the book of Hebrews. I used to think Barnabas was the author, but since Barnabas was an early Christian and the author of Hebrews is a second-generation Christian, I no longer think that is the case. Since it mentions “Timothy” as a companion, it is written “from Italy,” and it has essentially the same theology as Galatians, it is presumed to a prison epistle of Saint Paul – perhaps penned by Saint Luke on the Apostle’s behalf. There are at least five statements in Hebrews that prove Paul didn't write Hebrews, and several proofs that Silas wrote Hebrews. A while back ago, I wrote an article about my top three questions I have when I get to heaven. The King James Version of the Bible titles this book “The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews.” Many of the church fathers believed that Paul wrote Hebrews in the Hebrew or Aramaic language. Timothy was Paul's missionary companion in the same way Jesus sent disciples out in pairs. Because of where it's placed following Paul's epistles, and some of the ( Log Out /  Biblical scholars argue that Hebrews was written by a highly educated teacher, one who was well acquainted with the various philosophical debates of the day. “Both Luke and the author of Hebrews are described by most New Testament scholars as the most literary writers of the New Testament” (139). Their community was a result of the apostolic mission. Luke is doing so much more than telling a story in his Luke-Acts narratives. Ahem, I mean, they are historical (yep, some fellers in the early church suspected Luke), linguistic (“lexical, stylistic, and textlinguistic evidence), theological, and, drum roll…pretty darn convincing that Luke was in fact a Jew, and not the Gentile that modern scholars have made him out to be. The early church thought he did. It’s inspiring. 1. Some have suggested that Luke was its writer. I also found Allen’s notion on the identity of Theophilus and the recipients of Hebrews as converted high priests to be quite interesting. The epistle to the Hebrews he asserted was written by Paul to the Hebrews in the Hebrew tongue, but it was carefully translated by Luke and published among the Greeks since one finds the same character of style and of phraseology in the epistle as in the Acts: “But it is probable that the title, Paul the Apostle, was not prefixed to it. The most plausible suggestion is that this was actually a sermon Paul gave and it was transcribed later by Luke, a person who would have had the command of the Greek language which the writer shows. When Did Luke Write? By doing this, he gets 1,000 more credibility points. Then, under divine guidance, it was translated into Greek by Luke … Allen gives us much more than a theory on the writer of Hebrews. He gives us a polite scholarly smack down. Martin Luther believed it was Apollos. While the book includes a “paradigm composed of several hypotheses,” the crux of the argument is that Luke, the physician and companion of the apostle Paul, wrote both Luke-Acts and the epistle to the Hebrews (p. 8). Well, he had me by page 31. It is Paul’s theology… and continues his logic. When he is breaking down Greek phrases, along with the use of Greek present tense form, well, I kind of have to take his word for it. Matthew, therefore, had to write to Jews and for Jews; therefore he must adopt a Jew"s manner. Jude started to write an epistle about the “salvation” he shared in common with his readers but changed to writing his shorter epistle (Jude 3). It is a book of no small size, has a doctrinal content which presupposes a solid grasp of Old Testament concepts, and provides clarification and a key to understanding Hebrew believers in the first century. Letter to the Hebrews, New Testament letter traditionally attributed to St. Paul the Apostle but now widely believed to be the work of another Jewish Christian, perhaps one of Paul’s associates. One thing about this book that really impressed me is the tone. “Both Luke and the author of Hebrews are described by most New Testament scholars as the most literary writers of the New Testament” (139). Whether one agrees with Allen’s conclusions or not, they will definitely have to wrestle with his work. “Both Luke and the author of Hebrews are described by most New Testament scholars as the most literary writers of the New Testament” (139). In fact, in the KJV, you’ll find… What if the mystery disciple on the road to Emmaus was also the writer to the Hebrews? “For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword” (Heb. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Clement of Alexandria suggests that Paul wrote the book originally in Hebrew and that Luke translated it into Greek, though the Greek of Hebrews bears no resemblance to … The purpose of David L. Allen’s Lukan Authorship of Hebrews is self-explanatory. Allen also looks at the main candidates for Hebrew’s authorship (with the presupposition of the Holy Spirit’s inspiration) like Paul, Barnabas, and Apollos, and highlights where they are wanting. Some parts were amazingly convincing, like the chiastic framework of all three books, the similarities in their prologues, the use of vocabulary, and the comparison of Acts 7 and Hebrews 11. Although it’s merely a theory, some people believe the unnamed disciple to be Luke. Some of them are in conjunction with the question of authorship, which we shall consider under the following divisions: 1. 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